History of Computers

It’s obvious that Information Communication Technology (ICT) affects our lives every day. ICT has transformed the world and the way we used to live and it plays a major role in shaping the future. This is an attempt to explore the timeline of ICT inventions and inventors who changed the world forever. We will also bring a video series so that you can enjoy watching while learning.

Charles Babbage
26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871
Difference Engine
The London Science Museum’s difference engine, the first one actually built from Babbage’s design.

Who is the father of the computer?

The computer was not invented in a day or two but evolved at different times with the contributions of different people.

Charles Babbage is considered as the father of the computers because he brought the concept of a programmable computer which laid the framework of the computers we use today.

The Difference Engine

Charles Babbage first designed the Difference Engine, an automatic mechanical calculator designed to tabulate polynomial functions.

The Analytical Engine

Later he designed the Analytical Engine in 1837 which contained an ALU (arithmetic logic unit), basic flow control, and integrated memory. This was hailed as the first general-purpose computer design.

Analytical Engine
Trial model of a part of the Analytical Engine, built by Babbage, as displayed at the Science Museum (London)

Babbage sought ways to build a simplified version of the machine and assembled a small part of it before his death in 1871. Unfortunately, he couldn’t build it during his lifetime due to the various obstacles he faced.

Charles Babbage, an English mechanical engineer, and polymath originated the concept of a programmable computer. Considered the “father of the computer”, he conceptualized and invented the first mechanical computer. It was this design that the basic framework of the computers of today is based on.


Contributors to Information Technology


Charles Babbage

[26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871]

An English mechanical engineer and polymath considered as the father of the computers because he brought the concept of a programmable computer.

Conrad Zuse

[June 22, 1910 – December 18, 1995]

A German civil engineer, computer scientist, inventor, Businessman and computer pioneer. His greatest achievement was the world’s first functioning programmable computer.

To be continued…

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