It’s obvious that Information Technology (IT) is changing how we live every day. From your smartphone to complex space programs, the Information and Communication Technology (shortly termed as ICT) plays a tremendous role. Based on a report published by CompTIA, the global Information Technology industry is expected to reach $5 Trillion in 2019. It raises the question “what types of skills required to meet the demand?
This article explores the demand and its relationship with emerging technologies and trends in detail. Therefore to emphasis our insight, we present facts and figures published by recognized entities in the industry like CompTIA and Linkedin.
If you need to skip this part and directly go through the skills in demand, refer to the contents page. If you prefer to explore and understand how ICT market functions and evolves around to create demands for tech skills, keep reading.
Key Categories of Information Technology
Based on the conventional approach, the key categories can be identified as Hardware, Software, and Services which accounts for 53%. The Telecom sector lies at 30% while the remaining 17% comprises various emerging technologies spanning across multiple categories. The following chart
Source IT Industry Outlook 2019, CompTIA.org
Being the largest tech market in the world, the US alone contributes heavily on emerging technologies and leads from multiple ends. The following chart illustrate the distribution of key categories in the US.
Source IT Industry Outlook 2019, CompTIA.org
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The traditional information systems
With the emergence of technology sector beyond the 90s, we see various business information systems like Human Resources Management, Inventory Control, Customer Relationship Management, Accounting and complex Enterprise-wide system (ERP) made headlines. Further, the production and manufacturing sector adopted automation, Weather and market changes were monitored and analyzed through various systems.
All these trends pulled everyone out from traditional tools and manual systems and improved efficiency and productivity at many levels. This made tremendous changes in the way we worked in workplaces and in different industries as machines and information systems began to replace human activities considerably.
What are emerging Technologies
The emerging technologies (
Top emerging technologies in 2019
There are many functions now handled by technology itself through machine learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI) than earlier. The following list shows some of the top emerging technologies in 2019.
- IoT Software
- IoT Hardware
- SaaS + PaaS
- IoT connectivity
- AI platforms/applications
- Big data/analytics
- Enterprise social software
- Next gen security
The above details will only provide a high-level view of emerging technologies. To understand clearly what are the Skills in demand and to answer the question “why”, we need to explore further.
What are the key growth areas of Emerging technologies
Machine Learning is just one of the top hot technologies discussed today. Apart from this, there are similar and enhanced technologies with much benefits and capabilities and are used widely. Many businesses, especially startups tend to turn to these emerging technologies to increase competency and gain a competitive advantage over fellow competitors.
The following technologies are currently in demand.
- Blockchain [302%]
- Artificial intelligence [+159%]
- Augmented reality [119%]
- Machine learning [+102%]
- Drones [+106%]
- Big data [+49%]
- IoT [+89%]
- 3D printing [+54%]
- Robotics [+48%]
Misconception about Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
Many consider both Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence are the same. But Machine learning is a subset of Artificial intelligence which is a vast subject.
How Uber and Netflix uses Machine learning
Whether it be space exploration or deep-sea exploration, business or entertainment, AI is leading its way. Here are two popular examples of the application of Machine learning by two different industries.
Uber’s decision-making is completely data-driven with machine learning as its core engine. Artificial intelligence allows Uber to more accurately forecast supply and demand during these high-use times and to detect problems before they happen. Uber also uses historical data to match riders with drivers more accurately.
Netflix realized (during 2009/2010) that viewer’s ratings were not the best indicators of their viewing patterns (“everything is a recommendation”) and they changed their recommendation engine accordingly.
Top Reasons for Tech firms are hiring
According to data published by LinkedIn, we find three major reasons that drive demand for hiring. They are inter-related and promising changes frequently to one-another.
- Business Expansion – new opportunities, merges or triggered by emerging technologies, etc
- Skills required for emerging technologies – seeking new recruits to meet new goals
- Replacements or retirement – either employees find new career paths or they retire.
What are top hiring challenges reported by Employers
The below factors are mostly influencing the hiring process. IT has always been a competitive market for finding suitable skills due to its diversity and dynamic nature. In 2019, the below are the challenges faced by employers and this is something you should look out for if you are planning your career.
- Finding workers with skills/experience in emerging areas such as AI, AR, IoT, etc.
- Finding skills with soft skills necessary to match with the current trends and skills
- Intense competition for talents globally.
- Rising salary expectations due to market stability and the cost of living.
- Availability of limited resources locally.
What skills are in high demand
According to Live data from LinkedIn, they analyzed the most desired skills in demand for 2019.
What soft skills are in high demand
The traditional soft skills alone don’t matter anymore. Especially the soft skills in the tech industry should go along with the technologies and trends to benefit from both the employee and employers.
Companies require creative people to plan future solutions.
The type, size, and complexity of teams are growing.
Mastering time management as a skill ensures growth and sustenance.
The ability to persuade customers to buy products and services.
Adaptability to fast-growing technologies, teams and future solutions.
What hard skills are in high demand
We understand that this is the most important part of this article for many, but to answer “why” these skills are more important and to justify same, you should have read through this article from the beginning. That is for sure will help you to decide your career objectives.
Most in demand skills for the future
The following are the hard skills in demand in 2019.
Cloud services are improving and many turn towards the cloud.
UX design is the skill making technology usable for humans.
Selling is more than an art with the current competition.
Natural Language Processing
Everything is becoming voice activated.
Social Media Marketing
Social engagements is improving and marketing is a part of the trend.
Besides journalists, marketing and content teams alike need people with the ability to tell compelling stories.
Customer Service Systems
One bad experience may end up with a tweet exposing and harming the company image.
Either it’s 2D or 3D, this is what the internet is made of.
AI is taking over the world and is used in many vertical industries.
Mobile Application Development
Mobile-first concept is trending in every platform.
Majority of the applications and platforms are translation ready.
Processing of huge volumes of data is trending.
Holds a major portion of the Video traffic and it’s growing fast.
Everything being digital, Digital Marketing has a big role to play.
High demand for Testers for new software released everyday.
Local mistakes can lead to global outrages, companies require people who can manage difficult situations.
Translating the collected data into decision making is in high demand.
Video streaming represents 70% of all consumer Internet traffic.
Similar to videos, there’s a spike in interest in podcasts and other audio digital formats recently.
Never had a low demand for computer games.
Data-driven decision making is on the rise.
With the huge competition companies need to stay ahead.
Everything depends on Data. Handling data is a science rather an art.
The demand for those who can design something that is both practical and eloquent.
What jobs will be in demand in 2019
To conclude this article we herewith provide a list of emerging job roles to watch out.
|Artificial Intelligence (AI) ethicist.|
|Data governance officer|
|Building technology officer|
|AR/ VR objct designer|
|3D printer engineer|
|Web analytics developer|
|Quality assuarnace (QA) specialist|
|Robotic process automation (RPA) engineer|
|Distributed ledger technology (DLT) developer|
|Machine learning trainer / scientist|
|Industrial IoT engineer|
|Geopartial and mapping specialist|
|Bloxkchain developer/ engineer|
|Security incident responder|
|User experience (UX) designer|
|Technology project manager|
|Chief data officer (CDO)|
|AI/ machine learning architect|
|Cloud services engineer|
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